What Are The Symptoms Of Sinus Cancer?

Para nasal sinus cancer is a malignant tumor of the tissues of the para nasal sinuses.

The 4 para nasal sinuses are:

frontal sinuses (in the forehead)
maxillary sinuses (either side of the nose, in the cheek bone area)
ethmoidal sinuses (either side of the nose, behind the upper portion of the nose)
sphenoidal sinuses (behind the ethmoidal sinuses)

Causes of Sinus Cancer Symptoms

The precise cause for sinus cancer is not known, on the other hand, some occupational groups have a high vulnerability to the condition. People working in textile and leather mills, nickel refining, those working with radium, chromium and isopropyl alcohol are likely to develop sinus cancer. These substances are carcinogenic and trigger genetic changes in the DNA of the cells, thus resulting in their uncontrolled multiplication, forming a tumor mass.

Sinus Cancer Symptoms

Common sinus cancer symptoms include:

chronic blocked nose
heaviness in the face
bleeding from the nose
recurring sinus infection
pain in the face
swelling in the face
swelling around the eyes, blurred vision
loosening of the teeth

Diagnosis of Sinus Cancer Symptoms

The doctor will take a detailed medical history, occupational history of the patient, and carry out a physical examination.
Biopsy of the lesion / growth will be done to ascertain the exact cause
The doctor will conduct nasoscopy, to assess the nasal cavity and the paranasal sinuses.
CT scans and / or MRI may be needed to view the structures properly.

Treatment of Sinus Cancer Symptoms

The treatment consists of radiation therapy, chemotherapy and surgery. By and large the regimen depends up on the stage of the disease, the extent of spread and the patient's age and health status.

Surgery: the surgeon will excise the tumor growth. Alongside, some healthy surrounding tissue, as well as, nearby lymph nodes need to be removed to ward off recurrences and prevent a spread to distant organs.

Radiation therapy: Radiotherapy comprises of high powered X-ray beams directed at the tumor site. It may be used singly / in combination with chemotherapy and surgery. Radiation therapy is also used in cases of advanced cancer as a palliative measure. External radiation or Teletherapy may be carried out using a device; or internal radiation or Brachytherapy is done by inserting a radio-active source in the tumor. Radiotherapy is given for about 5 - 10 minutes per day, 5 days in a week for 6 weeks, depending on the kind of radiation used.

Chemotherapy: chemotherapy is usually done in stages 3 and 4. Chemotherapy comprises of administration of drugs either orally or intravenously. The drugs travel via the blood and destroy the cancerous cells effectively. Chemotherapy treatment is administered in cycles, i.e. one drug is given singly, or a combination of drugs is given every 3 ' 4 weeks.